Revenue collection was delegated to important chieftains who were henchmen of the Nizamshahi. According to Census 2011 information the sub-district code of Pune City block is 04194. The above-mentioned hospitals are all in the Pune City. The district has two municipal corporations: the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC). Contributions to Indian Sociology, 29(1), pp.25-37", "LAVANI LITERATURE AS A SOURCE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL MAHARASHTRA", "The Indian empire : its history, topography, government, finance, commerce, and staple products : with a full account of the mutiny of the native troops ...", "Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Poona (2 pts. The 1993 National Games were held in Pune, and the new Sports City hosted the Commonwealth Youth Games in 2008. Successful candidates receive the National Trade Certificate. The forts and surrounding mountains are popular for trekking.[125]. [45], The period following his 1689 death was one of political ferment in the Deccan Plateau, and the Pune region experienced major fluctuations in administrative authority. Pune district has 13,642 kilometres (8,477 mi) of roads. Shirur , Manchar , Pimpri-Chinchwad , Pune are the near by Cities to Warude. Vishwanath received the area around Pune from the grateful mother of one of Shahu's ministers for saving her son's life. In 2010–2011, the number of passengers was about 8,000 a day. Khare, K. C., and M. S. Jadhav. The town of Junnar has been an important trading and political center for the last two thousand years, and it was first mentioned by Greco-Roman travellers in the early first millennium AD. Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. [66][67][68], Peshwas and knights residing in the city had individual hobbies and interests; Madhavrao II had a private collection of exotic animals, such as lions and rhinoceros, near the Peshwe Park zoo. No Name Code Formed Headquarters Administrative Division Area (km 2) Population (2001 census) % of State Population Density (per km 2) Urban (%) Literacy (%) Sex Ratio Tehsils Centre for Civil Society, CCS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP PAPERS 2004", "Economic Times: Despite private participation Education lacks quality in Maharashtra", "Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial belt: Placing Pune at the front", "Consumers pay premium price for the look alike of the regional rice varieties", "National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Limited", "Sugar cooperatives on death bed in Maharashtra", "Pune airport accorded international status", "Passenger traffic at Pune airport takes a big leap", "Reliance plans Baramati hub for pvt jets", "Time table of five new trains from city announced - Times of India", Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, 2009 FIVB Volleyball Men's U21 World Championship, 2009 FIBA Asia Under-16 Championship for Women, 2009 NECC–ITF Women's Tennis Championships, Pune District Football Association Stadium, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pune_district&oldid=996139826, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, College of Agriculture Pune (COAP) - Affiliated with, Shri Shau Mandir Mahavidyalaya[commerce, engineering, agriculture and arts], Daund-Baramati branch line (single-track), Pune-Miraj (single-track from Pune to Miraj, towards, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 19:45. Pune City Central is the District Headquarters. [86] In 1890 Poona Municipality spent Rs. Preston, Laurence W. "Shrines and neighbourhood in early nineteenth-century Pune, India.". The Commonwealth Youth Games were held the following year, which encouraged additional development in north-western Pune and added a fleet of buses running on compressed natural gas (CNG) to the city's streets. The system has two routes: from Pune Junction to Lonavala and to Talegaon. Khandala and Lonavala are on this route, which has a number of daily high-speed trains. [10] Coins found further east in the district, near Indapur, suggest that the region may have been controlled by the Traikutaka king Dahragana in 465 AD; silver coins found at Junnar suggest that the region may also have been ruled by Andhra kings.[11]. Some of these villages, such as Kothrud, Katraj, Hadapsar, Hinjawadi and Baner, have become suburbs of Pune. [28][29][30] Kondadeo died in 1647, and Shivaji became his father's deputy. Temperatures are moderate and rainfall is unpredictable, in tune with the Indian monsoon. "QUEENS AND COINS OF INDIA.". The Pune metropolitan area was defined in 1967 as the city, the three cantonment areas and the villages on its outskirts. There are 7,81,507 houses in the sub-district. Hill stations such as Lonavla and Khandala also date back to the Raj, and remain popular with residents of Pune and Mumbai for holidays. [123] The district's mountains, forests and reservoirs are popular for hiking and birdwatching. The population of children between age 0-6 is 25037 which is 10.62% of total population. Since it has a low yield, many farmers in the region grow the crossbred Indrayani rice instead. Pune, formerly known as Poona , is the second largest city in the Indian State of Maharashtra, after Mumbai, and the eighth most populous city in India, with an estimated population of 7.4 million as of 2020. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1104959 which is 11.72% of total population. Pune Population by Sex . With 12 deaths reported during the day, the district's … [61], The patronage of the Brahmin Peshwas resulted in Pune's expansion, with the construction of about 250 temples and bridges (including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill). Although Pune city has population of 3,124,458; its urban / metropolitan population is 5,057,709 of which 2,656,240 are males and 2,401,469 are females. List of dams and reservoirs in Maharashtra, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. D.Y. [23] His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed (a Mughal-allied sardar claiming descent from a Yadav royal family from Devagiri.[24][25]. The district is surrounded by Thane district on the northwest, Raigad district on the west, Satara district on the south, Solapur district on the southeast, and Ahmednagar district on the north and northeast. [47] The Bhimthadi (or Deccani) horse was developed in the region under Maratha rule by crossing Arabian and Turkic breeds with local ponies.[48][49]. Pune and the district have a number of post-secondary-school industrial training institutes (ITI) run by the government and private trusts which offer vocational training in trades such as construction, plumbing, welding and automobile repair. The decadal growth rate of Pune for the last 40 years has been at least 40% and it's estimated that population will hit 5.6 million by 2031 if this trend continues. With the establishment of Nizamshahi rule, with Ahmednagar its headquarters, nearly all of the region was controlled by the Nizamshahi. FC Pune City plays in the Indian Super League since the league's inception in 2014. During the 1400s, Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin spent many months in Junnar during the monsoon season and vividly describes life in the region under Bahamani rule. As expected, the central zone is the most-dense region in the city. Total number of households in Pune District are 2151503. Get detailed info of Pune District with respective state, town, stations etc on RailYatri. The Mumbai-Kolhapur line also passes through the district, and other major Indian cities are connected to Pune by rail. The British designated Pune as the monsoon capital of the Bombay Presidency, and many buildings and parks from the era remain. It’s part of the . [2] This district has an urban population of 58.08 percent of its total. [18], Shahaji's second son, Shivaji (founder of the Maratha Empire), was born on the hill fort of Shivneri near Junnar on 19 February 1630. [80] The metre-gauge Pune-Miraj line was completed in 1886, making the city a rail junction. In 1950, the population of Pune was 580,848. Urban population comprises 58.08% of the total population. Pune is the second-largest city in Maharashtra, India and the ninth largest city in the country. During the 17th century, the Marathas under Shivaji laid the foundation for an independent kingdom. [105] Growth in the villages of Pimpri, Chinchwad and Bhosari allowed them (and their surrounding areas) to incorporate as separate governing body knows as the Pimpri Chinchawad Muncipal Corporation, Pune. However, Shahaji was apparently considered important enough by the Adilshah to play a key role in the new regime's administration. 247-250. Varude 2011 Census Details . In the most recent census on 2011, the total population of the district was 9,426,959, making it the fourth most populous district in India (out of 640). Among Kondadeo's reported reforms was a tax of one-fourth the cash equivalent of a land's yield, and the Fasli calendar was introduced at this time. In 2011 there were total 2,151,503 families residing in Pune district. In 1928, a relay station was built in Khadki to relay telegraph signals for the Imperial Wireless Chain. As per 2011 Census, the population of Pune Metropolitan Region was 50,57,709 (50.57 lakhs). [58], Order in Peshwa Pune was maintained by the kotwal, who was a police chief, magistrate and municipal commissioner and whose duties included investigating, levying and collecting fines for offences. Pune District population constituted 8.39 percent of total Maharashtra population. Amongst the chieftains was Maloji, who was made a raja in 1595; the districts of Pune and Supa were given to him as a jagir (fief). The district has many privately run colleges and universities (including religious and special-purpose institutions). On the leeward side of the Western Ghats, it extends to the Deccan Plateau on the east. View all Cities in Pune District View all Villages in Pune District. Five trains operate on the Pune Junction-Talegaon route, and 18 trains operate on the Pune Junction-Lonavla route. Maloji was also given charge of the forts at Shivneri and Chakan, which played an important role in the district's early political history.[17]. Between 1991 and 2001, the city grew by 40%, increasing from 1.6 million to 2.5 million. Pune has an estimated population of 3.99 million. 5 (Feb. 4, 1989), pp. Inscriptions at Karla and Junnar suggest that in the early part of the Common Era, the area was controlled by the Shaka ruler Nahapana. Gorman, M., 1971. The GIPR extended its line east to Raichur in 1871, where it met the Madras Railway and connected the city to Madras. He moved his administration to the newly built Rajgad in 1648 and a year later, when Muhammad Adil Shah of Bijapur took Shahaji hostage, restrained his expansionist schemes. [19][20][21][22] Shivaji was named after a local deity, the goddess Shivai. In 1781, after a city census, a household tax (gharpatti) was levied on the more affluent: one-fifth to one-sixth of the property value. Each of these temples have its own individual legend and history. Peshwa rule ended with the defeat of Baji Rao II by the British East India Company, under the leadership of Mountstuart Elphinstone, in 1818. [98] The city is home to Savitribai Phule Pune University, and many of its affiliated colleges.The district has a number of central government run educational and training institutes, including the National Defence Academy, the Armed Forces Medical College and the Film and Television Institute of India. Sir William O'Shaughnessy, Lord Dalhousie, and the Establishment of the Telegraph System in India. [118], The government of Maharashtra has entrusted responsibility to Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) for the greenfield Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje International Airport project,[119] in the Purandar area. Pune District is in the state of Maharashtra, India. University of Calcutta. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient/Journal de l'histoire economique et sociale de l'Orient (1965): 316-322. Duff, J. G., 1990. All the district's rivers (the Pushpavati, Krushnavati, Kukadi, Meena, Ghod, Bhama, Andhra, Indrayani, Pavna, Mula, Mutha, Ambi, Mose, Shivganga, Kanandi, Gunjavni, Velvandi, Nira, Karha and Velu) flow into the Bhima or its tributaries. An area of about 18,000 hectares (69 sq mi) has been proposed as a sanctuary for migratory birds. Pune's 2020 population is now estimated at 6,629,347. Pune has a population of 94,29,408 peoples. Geography and Climate Pune District It is Located at Latitude-18.5, Longitude-73.8. [13] The fort at Chakan played an important role in the history of the Deccan sultanates. [64][65] The festivals, the building of temples and temple rituals led to religion being responsible for about 15 percent of the city's economy during this period. 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